Afghanistan, a country in southwestern Asia that is situated on a landlocked plateau between Iran, Pakistan, China, and several countries in Central Asia. Kābul is the capital and largest city. Afghanistan have had many names Aryana was the pre-Islamice name, Khurasan was the name given by Abu Muslim Khurasani after the arrival of Islam. The modern name Afghanistan was given after the estabishment of Sultanat of Ahmad Shah Abdali. Afghanistan has long been known as the crossroads of Asia, with ancient trade and invasion routes crossing its territory. Over the centuries many different people passed through Afghanistan, and some made it their homeland e.g Alexander the Great.The Pashtuns, who make up the largest ethnic group, were long known as Afghans, but in modern times the term Afghan denotes nationality for all citizens of the country. Afghanistan was a monarchy from 1747 to 1973, when military officers overthrew the king and established a republic. In 1979 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) invaded Afghanistan, starting the Soviet-Afghan War. The United States supplied military aid to the guerrilla insurgents who fought the Soviet-backed Afghan government. After the Soviets withdrew in 1989, the country erupted in civil war. An Islamic fundamentalist movement called the Taliban seized control of Kābul in 1996. The Taliban gave refuge to the al-Qaeda terrorist network, and after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, against the United States, U.S. military forces invaded Afghanistan and ousted the Taliban from power in late 2001. Afghanistan adopted a new constitution establishing a presidential form of government in 2004. This is a brief introduction of Afghanistan. There is alot to write and to tell, I would like to request all my friends any question or query if you have then accordingly I will put information. 8th March 2010 All the Afghan students studying in the City of Goa celebrated International Students Day for foreign Students at Rosary College Navelim Goa, all we tried was to give a better picture of Afghanistan, its politics, History, Literature etc not as the media presents what you usually watch is not exactly happening. All the students and the young generation is striving to make a peaceful Afghanistan. please see the video. Your views can make a difference.